Scope and sequence

The scope and sequence of the SILO project seeks to articulate essential STEM knowledge and skills throughout the primary years.

Year
Name of unit
NSW Syllabus
Australian Curriculum
Learning intention
Scope and sequence
F.1
Investigations
"A student observes, questions and collects data to communicate ideas." (STe-1WS-S)
“Participate in guided investigations and make observations using the senses.” (ACSIS011)
Students share observations and answer questions about data which they have collected.
  • Tables
  • Data
F.2
Changes 

"A student observes the way objects move and relates changes in motion to push and pull forces." (STe-5PW-ST)
“Science involves observing, asking questions about, and describing changes in, objects and events.” (ACSHE013)
Students use observations and reasoning to collect data and describe changes.
  • Friction
  • Gravity
F.3
Living things 
"A student explores the characteristics, needs and uses of living things." (STe-3LW-ST)
“Living things have basic needs, including food and water.” (ACSSU002) 
Students explore the characteristics, needs and uses of living things.
Life cycles
F.4
Materials
"A student identifies that objects are made of materials that have observable properties." (STe-4MW-ST)
“Objects are made of materials that have observable properties.” ACSSU003)
Students identify observable properties of materials and explore how these properties affect their use.
Properties of materials
1.1
Graphs

"A student reasons about representations of data to describe and interpret the results." (MA1-DATA-02)
“Represent data with objects and drawings where one object or drawing represents one data value.  Describe the displays.” (ACMSP263)
Students reason about representations of data to describe and interpret the results.
Bar graphs
1.2
Shapes and objects
"A student recognises, describes and represents shapes including quadrilaterals and other common polygons." (MA1-2DS-01)
"A student recognises, describes and represents familiar three-dimensional objects." (MA1-3DS-01)
“Recognise and classify familiar two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects using obvious features.” (ACMMG022)
Students recognise, represent and classify familiar two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects.
  • Perimeter
  • Area
  • Volume
  • Capacity
  • Venn diagrams
1.3
Light and sound 

"A student describes common forms of energy and explores some characteristics of sound energy." (ST1-8PW-S)

“Light and sound are produced by a range of sources and can be sensed.” (ACSSU020)
Students explore the sources and behaviour of light and sound energy and plan their own experiments to investigate phenomena.
  • Reflection
  • Refraction
1.4
Design
"A student describes how the properties of materials determine their use." (ST1-7MW-T)
“Generate, develop and record design ideas through describing, drawing and modelling.” (ACTDEP006)
Students generate and record design ideas through describing, drawing and modelling.
Affordances
2.1

Algebra and algorithms

"A student describes, follows and represents algorithms to solve problems." (ST1-3DP-T)
"Describe patterns with numbers and identify missing elements." (ACMNA035)
Students explore number patterns as an introduction to algebra and algorithms.
  • Algebra
  • Algorithms
2.2
Agriculture
"A student describes how agricultural processes are used to grow plants and raise animals for food, clothing and shelter." (ST2-5LW-T)
"People use science in their daily lives, including when caring for their environment and living things." (ACSHE035)
Students explore how agricultural processes are used to grow plants and raise animals.
  • Biodiversity
  • Biosecurity
  • Problem solving
2.3
Construction zone 
"A student uses materials, tools and equipment to develop solutions for a need or opportunity." (ST1-2DP-T)
“Use materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques to safely make designed solutions.” (ACTDEP007)
Students use materials, tools and equipment to develop solutions for a need or opportunity.
Brainstorming
2.4
Data and variables
"A student gathers and organises data, displays data in lists, tables and picture graphs." (MA1-DATA-01)
“Identify a question of interest based on one categorical variable.  Gather data relevant to the question.” (ACMSP048)
Students identify questions of interest and define variables to guide their investigations and presentations of relevant data.
  • Variables
  • Fair tests
3.1
Satellites
"A student investigates regular changes caused by interactions between the Earth and the Sun, and changes to the Earth’s surface." (ST2-10ES-S)
“Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day.” (ACSSU048)
Students explore night and day and seasonal changes in relation to orbiting bodies and then apply this knowledge to global communications and satellites.
Heliocentric model
3.2
Classification
"A student compares features and characteristics of living and non-living things." (ST2-4LW-S)
"Living things can be grouped on the basis of observable features and can be distinguished from nonliving things." (ACSSU044)
Students compare features of living and non-living things to explore classification systems and devise new ones.
Dichotomous keys
3.3
Coding 
"A student defines problems, describes and follows algorithms to develop solutions." (ST2-3DP-T)
“Define simple problems and describe and follow a sequence of steps and decisions (algorithms) needed to solve them.” (ACTDIP010) 
Students engage in coding to interact with virtual and tangible objects.
Coding
3.4
Questioning and predicting
"A student questions, plans and conducts scientific investigations, collects and summarises data and communicates using scientific representations." (ST2-1WS-S)
“With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and make predictions based on prior knowledge.” (ACSIS053)
Students plan and conduct scientific investigations to answer questions using representations of data.
Hypotheses
4.1
Simple machines 
"A student describes how contact and non-contact forces affect an object’s motion." (ST2-9PW-ST)
“Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance.” (ACSSU076)
Students can identify, explain and demonstrate a variety of contact and non-contact forces.
  • Mechanical advantage
  • Ratio
  • Torque
4.2
Transportation 
"A student investigates the suitability of natural and processed materials for a range of purposes." (ST2-7MW-T)
“Investigate how forces and the properties of materials affect the behaviour of a product or system.” (ACTDEK011)
Students explore common modes of transportation to develop an integrated understanding of forces, materials, energy and design factors.
  • Exponents
  • Velocity
  • Acceleration
  • Relative motion
  • Hydraulics
4.3
Ideation 
"A student selects and uses materials, tools and equipment to develop solutions for a need or opportunity." (ST2-2DP-T)
“Plan, create and communicate ideas and information independently and with others, applying agreed ethical and social protocols.” (ACTDIP013)
Students select and use materials, tools and equipment to develop ethical solutions for societal needs and opportunities.
Protocols
4.4
Logistics
"A student collects discrete data (categorical and numerical) to construct and interpret displays, including tables, dot plots and column graphs." (Draft NSW Syllabus 2022, currently no code number available)
“Recognise different types of data and explore how the same data can be represented in different ways.” (ACTDIK008)
Students design their own enterprises and explore how the associated logistics and data can be represented in different ways.
  • Logistics
  • Analytics
5.1
Food and fibre
"A student explains how food and fibre are produced sustainably in managed environments for health and nutrition." (ST3-5LW-T)
“Investigate how and why food and fibre are produced in managed environments and prepared to enable people to grow and be healthy.” (ACTDEK021)
Students explain how food and fibre are produced sustainably in managed environments for health and nutrition.
Sustainability
5.2
Manufacturing 
"A student plans and uses materials, tools and equipment to develop solutions for a need or opportunity." (ST3-2DP-T)
“Select appropriate materials, components, tools, equipment and techniques and apply safe procedures to make designed solutions.” (ACTDEP026)
Students can solve problems through the safe and creative use of materials, tools and equipment.
Project management
5.3
Flowcharts
"A student plans and conducts scientific investigations to answer testable questions, and collects and summarises data to communicate conclusions." (ST3-1WS-S)
“Decide variables to be changed and measured in fair tests and observe measure and record data with accuracy using digital technologies as appropriate.” (ACSIS087)
Students choose relevant variables to plan and conduct fair tests and communicate results using flowcharts.
Flowcharts
5.4
Innovation
"A student defines problems, and designs, modifies and follows algorithms to develop solutions." (ST3-3DP-T)
“Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques.” (ACTDEP025)
Students use the design cycle to develop prototypes for inventions using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques.
Prototypes
6.1
Energy
"A student explains how energy is transformed from one form to another." (ST3-8PW-ST)
“Electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be generated from a range of sources.” (ACSSU097)

Students explore the various sources and applications of energy.
  • Energy
  • Circuits
6.2
Cartesian geometry
"Students recognise that the grid-map reference system gives the area of a location and the number plane (Cartesian plane) identifies a specific point" (Draft NSW Syllabus 2022, currently no code number available)
“Introduce the Cartesian coordinate system using all four quadrants.” (ACMMG143)
Students explore the Cartesian coordinate system linking geometry with algebra.
Coordinates
6.3
Robotics
"A student explains how digital systems represent data, connect together to form networks and transmit data." (ST3-11DI-T)
“Investigate how electrical energy can control movement, sound or light in a designed product or system.” (ACTDEK020)
Students use coding and electric sensors to interact with electronic devices.
  • Binary numbers
  • Hexadecimal numbers
6.4

Nanotechnology
"Students solve problems involving different units of mass." (Draft NSW Syllabus 2022, currently no code number available)
“Convert between common metric units of length, mass and capacity.” (ACMMG136)
Students convert between metric units of length, mass and capacity and make relevant connections to the properties of water.
  • Calibration
  • Ordinal scales
  • Linear scales
  • Logarithmic scales
  • Nanotechnology


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Main menu