Year 1, Term 2: Agriculture

Focus: Sustainability

Scope and sequence: Sustainability

Learning intention: Students explore how agricultural processes are used to grow plants and raise animals.

Overview: Agriculture is another word for farming so it includes growing crops and well as raising livestock. This unit builds on prior knowledge from SILO F.3 'Living things' and leads into SILO 5.1 'Biochemistry'. The main focus is on introducing children to current farming practices and investigating how problem solving can be used to develop solutions for increased efficiency and yield.  The concept of biosecurity is also introduced as another application of problem solving to reduce waste and disease.
NSW Syllabus
Australian Curriculum (version 9.0)
"A student describes how agricultural processes are used to grow plants and raise animals for food, clothing and shelter." (ST2-5LW-T)
"Students learn to explore how plants and animals are grown for food, clothing and shelter." (AC9TDE2K03)

Week 1

Introduction to the topic

Water and irrigation

The following screenshot is from a video (2:03) about irrigation. It can't be embedded on external websites so you will need to go to YouTube using this link ( After watching this, see if you can recall the three main types of irrigation.

Flood irrigation

Drip irrigation

Spray irrigation

Week 2


There are five key ingredients in good soil, namely:

  1. Minerals
  2. Organic matter
  3. Water
  4. Air
  5. Organisms

The following video (6:23) specifies the first four of these ingredients and then adds the 'FBI' (i.e., fungus, bacteria and invertebrates) for the organisms.

Week 3

The importance of valves

The direction of fluids is discussed in this video (5:23) about valves, arteries and veins.

Week 4


This video (2:48) from the UK shows how Salmon are farmed commercially.

Week 5

This video (5:30) features Rachel Wilson who is an Australian free-range egg farmer from WA.

Week 6


Week 7

Panama TR4

The following video (4:55) tells the story of Panama TR4 in Queensland titled, Charlie goes bananas.


Week 8

UNE Smart Farms


Week 9


The following video (1:33) features Roman aqueducts and some of the engineering principles behind them.


Aqueduct construction activity.

Desalination plant

The following video (2:12) shows how to make a desalination plant using the sun. It is more accurate to describe this as solar thermal energy as this experiment is based on evaporation and the light energy from the sun is not transformed into electrical current.

Week 10

Moderated self-assessment


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